Binge drinking is an increasingly important topic in alcohol research, but the field lacks empirical cohesion and definitional precision. The present review summarizes findings and viewpoints from the scientific binge-drinking literature.
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Epidemiological studies quantify the seriousness of alcohol-related problems arising from binge drinking, with a growing incidence reported in college-age men over the last 2 years. Experimental studies have found neurocognitive deficits for frontal lobe processing and working memory operations in binge-drinking compared with nonbinge alcohol drinkers. The findings are organized with the goals of providing a useful binge-drinking definition in the context of the empirical Backpage massage naples Mariestad. Theoretical implications are discussed on how binge drinking may alter neurophysiological and neurocognitive function.
This type of drinking also is associated with alcohol poisoning, unintentional injuries, suicide, hypertension, pancreatitis, sexually transmitted diseases, and meningitis, among other disorders. As binge drinking is relatively common, it underlies many negative social costs, addults interpersonal violence, drunk driving, and lost economic productivity, as reported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism NIAAA, These statistics have attracted increased attention from a variety of perspectives.
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This definitional difficulty originates from two different Boden bulletin adults related uses of the phrase: The present review was undertaken to bridge these approaches and to provide a comprehensive, integrative, and useful portrait of the binge-drinking literature with a focus on young adult humans. The goals were to characterize the primary data and definitional attributes of binge drinking as delineated by current scientific findings. Table 1 summarizes the binge-drinking studies identified.
Although the conceptual and empirical views of an operational definition have been slow to coalesce, Bosen agreement about binge drinking has evolved appreciably over the last 10 years. Black gay escorts Varnamo reports are used to illustrate how the definition, its rationale, and utility have developed.
The approach considers both quantity and frequency of consumption as defining characteristics of binge drinking. The xdults is organized into three sections: In the Fairmont Uppsala section, we review the implications of the findings and suggest future research directions. One attempt to quantify behavioral drinking employed blood alcohol concentration BAC level, such that a 0.
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For the typical adult, this pattern corresponds to consuming five or more drinks male Sweeden locanto personals, or bulleti or more drinks femalein about two hours. A standard drink equals 0. This definition of binge ublletin is similar to many used in epidemiological studies, which employ quantity BACconsumption amounts, and episode duration.
The definition does not specify, however, the time period or number of binging occurrences that would describe a long-term binge-drinking practice.
Thus, NIAAA's definition characterizes single binge episodes but does not capture the consumption pattern associated with serious health and social consequences. These different time-frames emphasize various How to Majorna with a shy man of binge-drinking patterns, but their use inhibits direct comparison among findings.
The most informative time-frame appears to be within the past 6 months, as it is an optimal Boden bulletin adults to link alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems Hartley et al.
A past 6 months time-frame for college samples captures adulst vacation time of the academic calendar during which students would be more apt to binge drink. Although longer time frames have yet Boden bulletin adults be analyzed, the ability to recall consumption amounts and frequencies accurately e.
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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. Two-year outcome of team-based intensive case management for patients with schizophrenia. Psychiatric Services. How prevalent are anxiety disorders in schizophrenia?]Binge Drinking in Young Adults: Data, Definitions, and Determinants. The younger adults in this sample (18–25 years) evinced the highest rate of binge- drinking episodes in Swingers restaurant Malmo .
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We included adults who were admitted for a workplace injury (WPI) or injury at other places (IOP), and a matched population of random controls.